The UKOA programme has now ended, with supported research completed in mid-2015 and knowledge exchange work in early 2016.
This website now has archive status Read more


The publications listed below are direct or indirect outputs from the UK Ocean Acidification research programme, co-funded by NERC, Defra and DECC (now BEIS).  Some of these resulted from work initiated before the start of the programme or supported through co-funding (e.g. from EC projects); for such publications, the criterion for inclusion is either a specific mention of UKOA in the acknowledgements or significant UKOA support for one of the authors.

Please note that:

• Most publications have been independently peer-reviewed and/or published in World-of-Science listed journals.   Those not subject to such scrutiny, but nevertheless considered worthy of inclusion, are given an asterisk.  Conference abstracts, posters and press releases are not included in the list.

• Information on print publication overrides that for online publication (e.g. Discussions version) of the same paper; however, the latter details are given where the former may be lacking.

2016 (to August)

Aksenov Y, Popova EE, Yool A, Nurser AG, Williams TD, Bertino L & Bergh J (2016) On the future navigability of Arctic sea routes: High-resolution projections of the Arctic Ocean and sea ice. Marine Policy (in press); doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2015.12.027

Avendaño L, Gledhill M, Achterberg EP, Rérolle V & Schlosser C (2016) Influence of ocean acidification on the organic complexation of iron and copper in Northwest European shelf seas; a combined observational and model study. Frontiers in Marine Science, 3, e58; doi: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00058

Broszeit S, Hattam C & Beaumont N (2016) Bioremediation of waste under ocean acidification: reviewing the role of Mytilus edulis.  Mar. Poll. Bull., 103, 5-14; doi 10.1016/jmarpolbul.2015.12.040

Capstick SB, Pidgeon NF, Corner AJ, Spence EM & Pearson PN (2016) Public understanding in Great Britain of ocean acidification. Nature Climate Change, 6, 763-767; doi: 10.1038/nclimate3005

Collard M, Rastrick SP, Calosi P, Demolder Y, Dille J, Findlay HS, Hall-Spencer JM, Milazzo M, Moulin L, Widdicombe S & Dehairs F (2016) The impact of ocean acidification and warming on the skeletal mechanical properties of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus from laboratory and field observations. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 73, 727-738; doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv018.

Cross EL, Peck LS, Lamare MD & Harper EM (2016) No ocean acidification effects on shell growth and repair in the New Zealand brachiopod Calloria inconspicua (Sowerby, 1846). ICES Journal of Marine Science, 73, 920-926; doi: 10.193/icesjms/fsv031.

Daniels CJ, Poulton AJ, Young JR, Esposito M, Humphreys MP, Ribas-Ribas M, Tynan E & Tyrrell T (2016). Species-specific calcite production reveals Coccolithus pelagicus as the key calcifier in the Arctic Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series (in press).

Flynn KJ, Clark DR & Wheeler G (2016) The role of coccolithophore calcification in bioengineering their environment. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283, e20161099; doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1099

Graham H, Rastrick SPS, Findlay HS, Bentley MG, Widdicombe S, Clare AS & Caldwell GS (2016) Sperm motility and fertilisation success in an acidified and hypoxic environment. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 73, 783-790; doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv171

Gibbs SJ, Bown PR, Ridgwell A, Young JR, Poulton AJ & O’Dea SA (2016). Ocean warming, not acidification, controlled coccolithophore response during past greenhouse climate change. Geology, 44, 59-62; doi: 10.1130/G37273.1

Hartmann M, Hill PG, Tynan E, Achterberg EP, Leakey RJ & Zubkov MV (2016) Resilience of SAR11 bacteria to rapid acidification in the high-latitude open ocean. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 92, fiv161; doi: 10.1093/femsec/fiv161

Harvey BP, McKeown NJ, Rastrick SP, Bertolini C, Foggo A, Graham H, Hall-Spencer JM, Milazzo M, Shaw PW, Small DP & Moore PJ (2016). Individual and population-level responses to ocean acidification. Scientific Reports, 6 e20194; doi: 10.1038/srep20194

Henry L-A, Stehmann MF, De Clippele L, Findlay HS, Golding N & Roberts JM (2016) Seamount egg‐laying grounds of the deep‐water skate Bathyraja richardsoni. Journal of Fish Biology, 89, 1473-1481; doi: 10.1111/jfb.13041

Hermoso M, Chan IZX, McClelland HLO, Heureaux AMC & Rickaby RE (2015) Vanishing coccolith vital effects with alleviated CO2 limitation. Biogeosciences 13, 301-312; doi: 10.5194/bg-13-301-2016

Hermoso M, Minoletti F, Aloisi G, Bonifacie M, McClelland HL, Labourdette N, Renforth P, Chaduteau C & Rickaby RE (2016) An explanation for the 18O excess in Noelaerhabdaceae coccolith calcite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 189, 132-42; doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2016.06.016.

Kazanidis G, Henry LA, Roberts JM & Witte UF (2016). Biodiversity of Spongosorites coralliophaga (Stephens, 1915) on coral rubble at two contrasting cold-water coral reef settings. Coral Reefs, 35, 193-208; doi: 10.1007/s00338-015-1355-2.

Lacoue-Labarthe T, Nunes PALD, Ziveri P, Cinar M, Gazeau F, Hall-Spencer JM, Hilmi N, Moschella P, Safa A, Sauzade D & Turley C (2016) Impacts of ocean acidification in a warming Mediterranean Sea: An overview. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 5, 1-11; doi: 10.1016/j.rsma.2015.12.005

Le Moigne FA, Henson SA, Cavan E, Georges C, Pabortsava K, Achterberg EP, Ceballos‐Romero E, Zubkov M & Sanders RJ (2016) What causes the inverse relationship between primary production and export efficiency in the Southern Ocean? Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 4457-4466; doi: 10.1002/2016GL068480.

Lewis C, Ellis RP, Vernon E, Elliot K, Newbatt S &  Wilson RW (2016) Ocean acidification increases copper toxicity differentially in two key marine invertebrates with distinct acid-base responses. Scientific Reports, 6, e21554; doi: 10.1038/srep21554

McCormack CG, Born W, Irvine PJ, Achterberg EP, Amano T, Ardron J, Foster PN, Gattuso JP, Hawkins SJ, Hendy E, Kissling WD, Lluch-Cota SE, Murphy EJ, Ostle N, Owens NJP, Perry RI, Pörtner HO,Scholes RJ, Schurr FM, Schweiger O, Settele J, Smith RK, Smith S, Thompson, Tittensor DP, van Kleunen M, Vivian C, Vohland K, Warren R, Watkinson AR, Widdicombe S, Williamson P, Woods E, Blackstock JJ & Sutherland WJ (2016). Key impacts of climate engineering on biodiversity and ecosystems, with priorities for future research. Journal of  Integrative Environmental Sciences; doi: 10.1080/1943815X.2016.1159578

Monteiro FM, Bach LT, Brownlee C, Bown P, Rickaby RE, Poulton AJ, Tyrrell T, Beaufort L, Dutkiewicz S, Gibbs S, Gutowska MA, Lee R, Riebesell U, Young J & Ridgwell A (2016) . Why marine phytoplankton calcify. Science Advances, 2, e1501822; doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1501822.

Nunes J, McCoy SJ, Findlay HS, Hopkins FE, Kitidis V, Queirós AM, Rayner L & Widdicombe S (2016) Two intertidal, non-calcifying macroalgae (Palmaria palmata and Saccharina latissima) show complex and variable responses to short-term CO2 acidification. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 73, 887-896; doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv081.

*Ostle C, Williamson P, Artioli Y, Bakker DCE, Birchenough S, Davis CE, Dye S, Edwards M, Findlay HS, Greenwood N, Hartman S, Humphreys MP, Jickells T, Johnson M, Landschützer P, Parker R, Pearce D, Pinnegar J, Robinson C, Schuster U, Silburn B, Thomas R, Wakelin S, Walsham P & Watson AJ (2016) Carbon dioxide and ocean acidification observations in UK waters: Synthesis report with a focus on 2010-2015. Online at:

Peck VL, Tarling GA, Manno C, Harper EM & Tynan E (2016) Outer organic layer and internal repair mechanism protects pteropod Limacina helicina from ocean acidification. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 127, 41-52; doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2015.12.005
Peck VL, Tarling GA, Manno C & Harper EM (2016) Response to comment: “Vulnerability of pteropod (Limacina helicina) to ocean acidification: Shell dissolution occurs despite an intact organic layer”by Bednarsek et al. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 127, 57-59; doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.03.007.

Popova EK, Yool A, Byfield V, Cochrane K, Coward AC, Salim SS, Gasalla MA, Henson SA, Hobday AJ, Pecl GT, Sauer WH & Roberts MJ (2016) From global to regional and back again: common climate stressors of marine ecosystems relevant for adaptation across five ocean warming hotspots. Global Change Biology, 22, 2038-2053; doi: 10.1111/gcb.13247

Poulton AJ, Daniels CJ, Esposito M, Humphreys MP, Mitchell E, Ribas-Ribas M, Russell BC, Stinchcombe MC, Tynan E & Richier S (2016) Production of dissolved organic carbon by Arctic plankton communities: Responses to elevated carbon dioxide and the availability of light and nutrients. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 127, 60-74; doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.01.002.

Rickaby RE, Hermoso M, Lee RB, Rae BD, Heureux AM, Balestreri C, Chakravarti L, Schroeder DC & Brownlee C (2016) Environmental carbonate chemistry selects for phenotype of recently isolated strains of Emiliania huxleyi. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 127, 28-40; doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.02.010.

Rees AP, Brown IJ, Jayakumar A & Ward BB (2016). The inhibition of N2O production by ocean acidification in cold temperate and polar waters. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 127, 93-101; doi; 10.1016/j.dsr2.2015.12.006

Salmon KH, Anand P, Sexton PF & Conte M (2016) Calcification and growth processes in planktonic foraminifera complicate the use of B/Ca and U/Ca as carbonate chemistry proxies. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 449, 372-381; doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.05.016.

Small DP, Calosi P, Boothroyd D, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2016) The sensitivity of the early benthic juvenile stage of the European lobster Homarus gammarus (L.) to elevated pCO2 and temperature.  Marine Biology 163, e53; doi 10.1007/s00227-016-2834-x

Small DP, Milazzo M, Bertolini C, Graham H, Hauton C, Hall-Spencer JM & Rastrick SPS (2016) Temporal fluctuations in seawater pCO2 may be as important as mean differences when determining physiological sensitivity in natural systems. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 73, 604-612; doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv232

Tarling GA, Peck V, Ward P, Ensor NS, Achterberg E, Tynan E, Poulton AJ, Mitchell E & Zubkov MV (2016) Effects of acute ocean acidification on spatially-diverse polar pelagic foodwebs: Insights from on-deck microcosms. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 127, 75-92; doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.02.008.

Tynan E, Clarke JS, Humphreys MP, Ribas-Ribas M, Esposito M, Rérolle VM, Schlosser C, Thorpe SE, Tyrrell T & Achterberg EP (2016) Physical and biogeochemical controls on the variability in surface pH and calcium carbonate saturation states in the Atlantic sectors of the Arctic and Southern Oceans. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 127, 7-27; doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.01.001.

Tyrrell T, Tarling GA, Leakey RJ, Cripps G, Thorpe S, Richier S & Moore CM (2016) Preface to special issue (Impacts of surface ocean acidification in polar seas and globally: a field-based approach). Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 127, 1-6; DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.02.009.

UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme (2016) How can we minimise negative effects on ocean health?  AVOID2 Policy Card;

Watson SC, Paterson DM, Queirós AM, Rees AP, Stephens N, Widdicombe S & Beaumont NJ (2016). A conceptual framework for assessing the ecosystem service of waste remediation: In the marine environment. Ecosystem Services, 20, 69-81; doi: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.06.011

Webb AL, Leedham-Elvidge E, Hughes C, Hopkins FE, Malin G, Bach LT, Schulz K, Crawfurd K, Brussaard CP, Stuhr A, Riebesell U & Liss PS (2016) Effect of ocean acidification and elevated fCO2 on trace gas production by a Baltic Sea summer phytoplankton community. Biogeosciences (accepted); doi: 10.5194/bg-2015-573

Williamson P (2016) Scrutinize CO2 removal methods.  Nature 530, 153-155.

*Williamson P (2016)  Letter to Times: Scientific insight (5 March, p 22)

Williamson P, Turley CT & Ostle C (2016) A decade of ocean acidification.  MCCIP Science Review (under review)

*Williamson P, Smythe-Wright D & Burkill P (eds)  Future of the Ocean and its Seas: A Non-governmental Scientific Perspective on Seven Research Marine Research Issues of G Interest. ICSU-led report to G7 Science Ministers;


Allen R & Hall-Spencer JM (2015) The impact of CO2 emissions on 'nuisance' marine species.  Research and Reports in Biodiversity Studies, 4, 33–46; doi: 10.2147/rrbs.s70357

Birchenough SNR, Reiss H, Degraer S, Mieszkowska N, Borja A and 13 others (2015) Climate change and marine benthos: a review of existing research and future directions in the North Atlantic.  WIREs Clim Change 2015, 6:203–223; doi: 10.1002/wcc.330

*Boot KJ, Pearson P, Foster G, Turley C & Williamson P (2015) Ocean Acidification in the Geological Past.  UKOA research programme synopsis 1;

*Boot KJ, Flynn KJ, Heath M, Spiers D, Turley C & Williamson P (2015) Fisheries, Foodwebs and Ecosystem Services.  UKOA research programme synopsis 2;

*Boot KJ, Widdicombe S, Turley C & Williamson P (2015) Seabed and shoreline Organisms and Ecosystems.  UKOA research programme synopsis 3;

*Boot KJ, Tyrell T, Tarling G, Turley C & Williamson P (2015) Ocean Acidification Impacts in the Upper Ocean.  UKOA research programme synopsis 4;

*Boot KJ, Watson A, Bakker D, Schuster U, Greenwood N, Turley C & Williamson P (2015) Variability and Trends in Ocean pH.  UKOA research programme synopsis 5;

*Boot KJ, Blackford J, Ridgwell A, Yool A, Popova E, Couce E, Turley C & Williamson P (2015) Regional and Global Modelling.  UKOA research programme synopsis 6;

Cavan EL, Le Moigne FAC, Poulton AJ, Tarling GA, Ward P, Daniels CJ, Fragoso G & Sanders RJ (2015) Attenuation of particulate organic flux in the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, is controlled by zooplankton fecal pellets. Geophys. Res. Lett. 42, 821-830; doi: 10.1002/2014GL062744

Celis-Plá PSM, Hall-Spencer JM, Horta PA, Milazzo M, Korbee N, Cornwall CE & Figueroa FL (2015) Macroalgal responses to ocean acidification depend on nutrient and light levels. Frontiers Mar. Sci., 2, Art 26; doi: 10.3389/fmars.2015.00026

Clarke JS, Achterberg EP, Rerolle VMC, Bey SAK, Floquet CFA & Mowlem MC (2015) Characterisation and deployment of an immobilised pH sensor spot towards surface ocean pH measurements.  Analytica Chimica Acta 897, 69-90; doi:10.1016/j.aca.2015.09.026

Cross EL, Peck LS & Harper EM (2015) Ocean acidification does not impact shell growth or repair of the Antarctic brachiopod Liothyrella uva (Broderip, 1833) J. Exp. Mar. Biol. & Ecol. 462, 29-35; doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2014.10.013

Ellis RP, Widdicombe S, Parry H, Hutchinson TH, & Spicer JI (2015) Pathogenic challenge reveals immune trade-off in mussels exposed to recycled seawater pH and increased temperature. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 462, 83-89; doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2014.10.015

Flynn KJ, Clark DR, Mitra A, Fabian H, Hansen PJ, Glibert PM, Wheeler GL, Stoecker DK, Blackford JC & Brownlee C (2015) Ocean acidification with (de)eutrophication will alter future phytoplankton growth and succession. Proc. Roc. Soc. B, art. 20142604, 1-6; doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.2604

Garilli V, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Scuderi D, Brusca L, Parrinello D, Rastrick SPS, Foggo A, Twitchett RJ, Hall-Spencer JM & Milazzo M (2015) Physiological advantages of dwarfing in surviving extinctions in high-CO2 oceans.  Nature Climate Change 5, 678-682; doi: 10.1038/nclimate2616

Garcia HE, Cosca C, Kozyr A, Mayorga E, Chandler C, Thomas RW, O’Brien K, Appeltans W, Hankin S, Newton JA, Gutierrez A,Gattuso J-P, Hansson L, Zweng M & Pfeil B. (2015) Data management strategy to improve global use of ocean acidification data and information.  Oceanography 28, 226–228; doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2015.45.

Gattuso JP, Magnan A, Billé R, Cheung WWL, Howes EL, Joos F, Allemand D, Bopp L, Cooley SR, Eakin CM, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Kelly RP, Pörtner H-O, Rogers AD, Baxter JM, Laffoley D, Osborn D, Rankovic A, Rochette J, Sumaila UR, Treyer S & Turley C (2015) Contrasting futures for ocean and society from different anthropogenic CO2 emission scenarios. Science 349, 45; full article online at

Gaylord B, Kroeker KJ, Sunday JM and 17 others (including J Hall-Spencer & S Widdicombe) (2015) Ocean acidification through the lens of ecological theory. Ecology 96, 3-15

Goodwin P, Williams RG & Ridgwell A (2015) Sensitivity of climate to cumulative carbon emissions due to compensation of ocean heat and carbon uptake. Nature Geoscience 8, 29-34; doi: 10.1038/ngeo2304

*Hall-Spencer JM (2015) Ocean acidification: how will marine life cope? Planet Earth, Spring 2015, 20-21

Hartmann SE, Jiang Z-P, Turk D, Lampitt RS, Frigstad H, Ostle C & Schuster U (2015) Biogeochemical variations at the Porcupine Abyssal Plain sustained Observatory in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, from weekly to inter-annual timescales. Biogeosciences 12, 845-853; doi: 10.5194/bg-12-845-2015

Heinze C, Meyer S, Goris N, Anderson L, Steinfeldt R, Chang N, Le Quéré C & Bakker DCE (2015) The ocean carbon sink – impacts, vulnerabilities and challenges. Earth System Dynamics 6, 327-358; doi: 10.519/esd-6-327-2015

Hennige SJ, Wicks LC, Kamenos NA, Perna G, Findlay HS & Roberts JM (2015) Hidden impacts of ocean acidification to live and dead coral framework.  Proc. R. Soc. B, 282, Art. 20150990; doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0990

Humphreys MP, Achterberg EP, Griffiths AM, McDonald A & Boyce AJ (2015) Measurements of the stable carbon isotope composition of dissolved inorganic carbon in the Northeastern Atlantic and Nordic Seas during summer 2012. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 127–135; doi: 10.5194/essd-7-127-2015

Jones NS, Ridgwell A & Hendy EJ (2015): Evaluation of coral reef carbonate production models at a global scale. Biogeosciences, 12, 1339-1356, doi: 10.5194/bg-12-1339-2015

Land PE, Shutler JD, Findlay HS, Girard-Ardhuin F, Sabia R, Reul N, Piolle J-F, Chapron B, Quilfen Y, Salisbury J, Vandemark D, Bellergy R & Bhadury P (2015) Salinity from space unlocks satellite-based assessment of ocean acidification. Env. Sci. Technol. 49, 1987-1994

Lawrence J, Popova E, Yool A & Srokosz M (2015) On the vertical phytoplankton response to an ice‐free Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 8571-82; doi: 10.1002/2015JC011180.

Legge OJ, Bakker DC, Johnson MT, Meredith MP, Venables HJ, Brown PJ & Lee GA (2015) The seasonal cycle of ocean‐atmosphere CO2 flux in Ryder Bay, west Antarctic Peninsula. Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 2934-42; doi: 10.1002/2015GL063796.

Le Moigne FAC, Poulton AJ, Henson SA, Daniels CJ, Fragaso GM, Mitchell E, Richier S, Russell BC, Smith HEK, Tarling GA, Young JR & Zubkhov M (2015) Carbon export efficiency and phytoplankton community composition in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res: Oceans, 120, 3896-3912; doi: 10.1002/2015JC010700

Le Quéré C, Moriarty R, Andrew RM & 59 others (including V Kitidis & U Schuster) (2015) Global carbon budget 2014. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 47-85; doi: 10.5194/essd-7-47-2015

Lucey NM, Lombardi C, DeMarchi L, Schulze A, Gambi MC & Calosi P (2015) To brood or not to brood: Are marine invertebrates that protect their offspring more resilient to ocean acidification? Scientific Reports 5, Art 12009;  doi: 10.1038/srep12009

Luneva MV, Harle JD, Aksenov Y, Holt JT (2015) The effects of tides on the water mass mixing and sea ice in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 6669-6699; doi: 10.1002/2014JC010310.

Mathis JT, Cooley SR, Yates KK & Williamson P (2015). Introduction to this special issue on ocean acidification: the pathway from science to policy. Oceanography 28, 10–15; doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2015.26.

Meadows AS, Ingels J, Widdicombe S, Hales R & Rundle SD (2015) Effects of elevated CO2  and temperature on an intertidal meiobenthic community. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. & Ecol., 469, 344-56; doi: 10.1016/j/jembe.2015.04.001

Minter EJ, Lowe CD, Brockhurst MA & Watts PC (2015) A rapid and cost‐effective quantitative microsatellite genotyping protocol to estimate intraspecific competition in protist microcosm experiments. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 315-23; doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.132321.

Minter EJ, Watts PC, Lowe CD & Brockhurst MA (2015) Negative frequency-dependent selection is intensified at higher population densities in protist populations. Biology Letters, 11, e20150192; doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0192.

*Newton J, Jewett L & Williamson P (2015) New global ocean acidification observing network brings multi-national approach.  Earthzine (blog);

*Ocean Acidification International Coordination Centre (2015) Report of Third International Workshop “Bridging the Gap between Ocean Acidification and Economic Valuation”, 12-14 January 2015, Monaco; 32 pp [UKOA contributors: C Hattam, J Hall-Spencer & C Turley]

Ostle C, Johnson M, Landschützer P, Schuster U, Hartman S, Hull T & Robinson C (2015) Net community production in the North Atlantic Ocean derived from Volunteer Observing Ship data. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29, 80-95; doi: 10.1002/2014GB004868.

Pauly M, Kamenos NA, Donohue P & LeDrew E (2015) Coralline algal Mg-O bond strength as a marine pCO2 proxy.  Geology, 43, 267-270; doi: 10.1130/G36386.1

Pearson PN, Evans SL & Evans J (2015) Effect of diagenetic recrystallization on the strength of planktonic foraminifer tests under compression. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 34, 59-64; doi: 10.1144/jmpaleo2013-032.

Pearson PN & E Thomas (2015) Drilling disturbance and constraints on the onset of the Paleocene-Eocene boundary carbon excursion in New Jersey. Climate of the Past, 11, 95-104
Pettit LR (2015). The Effects of Ocean Acidification on Modern Benthic Foraminifera. PhD Thesis, Univ of Plymouth;

Pettit LR, Smart CW, Hart MB, Milazzo M & Hall-Spencer JM (2015) Seaweed fails to prevent ocean acidification impact on foraminifera along a shallow-water CO2 gradient.  Ecology & Evolution, 5, 1784-1793; doi: 10.1002/ece3.1475

Queirós AM, Fernandes JA, Faulwetter S, Nunes J, Rastrick SPS, Mieszkowska N, Artioli Y, Yool A, Calosi P, Arvanitidis C, Findlay HS, Barange M, Cheung WWL & Widdicombe S (2015) Scaling-up experimental ocean acidification and warming research: from individuals to the ecosystem.  Global Change Biology, 21, 130-143; doi: 10.1111/gcb.12675

Queirós AM, Taylor P, Cowles A, Reynolds A, Widdicombe S, Stahl H (2015) Optical assessment of impact and recovery of sedimentary pH profiles in ocean acidification and carbon capture and storage research. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 38, 110-20; doi: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.018

Robert K, Jones DO, Roberts JM & Huvenne VA (2016) Improving predictive mapping of deep-water habitats: Considering multiple model outputs and ensemble techniques. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 113, 80-9; doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2016.04.008

Salmon KH, Anand P, Sexton PF & Conte M (2015) Upper ocean mixing controls the seasonality of planktonic foraminiferal fluxes and associated strength of the carbonate pump in the North Atlantic. Biogeosciences, 12, 223-235; doi: 10.5194/bg-12-223-2015

Small DP, Calosi P, Boothroyd D, Widdicombe S & Spicer JI (2015) Stage-specific changes in physiological and life-history responses to elevated temperature and PCO2 durinfg the larval development of the European lobster Homarus gammarus (L.) Physiol. Biochem. Zoology, (in press); doi: 10.1086/682238

Turley C & Findlay HS (2015) Ocean acidification. Chapter 18 (p 271-294) In: Climate Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth (ed: TM Letcher), 2nd edition.  Elsevier.

Turner LM, Ricevuto E, Massa-Gallucci A, Gambi MC & Calosi P (2015) Energy metabolism and cellular homeostasis trade-offs provide the basis for a new type of sensitivity to ocean acidification in a marine polychaete at a high-CO2 vent: adenylate and phosphagen energy pools versus carbonic anhydrase. Journal of Experimental Biology, 218, 2148-2151; doi: 10.1242/jeb.117705

Tyrell T, Merico A & McKay DIA (2015) Severity of ocean acidification following the end Cretaceous asteroid impact. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 112, 6556-6561

Williamson CJ (2015) The Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Calcifying Macroalgae. PhD Thesis; Cardiff University.  Online at

*Williamson P & Bodle R (2015) Update on Climate Geoengineering in Relation to the Convention on Biological Diversity: Potential Impacts and Regulatory Framework. Information Paper UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/19/INF/2; 132 pp 

*Williamson P and 27 others (2015) Climate challenge: Ambitious response required.  Letter to Times, 17 December.

Wilson JD, Ridgwell A & Barker S (2015) Can organic matter flux profiles be diagnosed using remineralisation rates derived from observed tracers and modelled ocean transport rates? Biogeosciences 12, 5547-5562; doi: 10.5194/bg-12-5547-2015

Yates KK, Turley C, Hopkinson BM, Todgham A, Cross J, Greening H, Van Hooidonk R, Williamson P, Deheyn D & Johnson Z (2015) Transdisciplinary science: a path to understanding the impacts of ocean acidification on ecosystems and society. Oceanography 28: 212–225; doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2015.43

Yool A, Popova EE & Coward AC (2015) Future change in ocean productivity: Is the Arctic the new Atlantic? Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120, 7771-90; doi: 10.1002/2015/JC011167


Artioli Y, Blackford JC, Nondal G, Bellerby RGJ, Wakelin SL, Holt JT, Butenschön M & Allen JI (2013) Heterogeneity of impacts of high CO2 on the North Western European Shelf. Biogeosciences, 11, 601–612; doi: 10.5194/bg-11-601-2014

Aze T, Pearson PN, Dickson AJ, Badger MPS, Bown PR, Pancost RD, Gibbs SJ, Huber BT, Leng MJ, Coe AL, Cohen AS & Foster G (2014) Extreme warming of tropical waters during the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum. Geology, 42, 739-742

Bakker DCE and 80 others [including U Schuster, NJ Hardman-Mountford, V Kitidis & AJ Watson] (2014) An update to the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT version 2). Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 6, 69-90; doi: 10.5194/essd-6-69-2014

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Roberts JM & shipboard party (2013) Changing Oceans Expedition 2012. RRS James Cook 073 Cruise Report (JC073); 18 May – 15 June 2012. Heriot-Watt University. 224 pp.

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Sabine CL and 75 others [including DCE Bakker, N Hardman-Mountford, D Hydes, U Schuster & AJ Watson] (2013) Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) gridded data products.  Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 145-153; doi: 10.5194/essd-5-145-2013

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Shutler J, Land PE, Brown CW, Findlay HS, Donlon CJ, Medland M, Snooke R & Blackford JC (2013) Coccolithophore surface distributions in the North Atlantic and their modulation of the air-sea flux of CO2 from 10 years of satellite Earth observation data. Biogeosciences, 10, 2699-2709; doi: 10.5194/bg-10-2699-2013

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Williamson P, Turley CM, Brownlee C, Findlay HS, Ridgwell AJ, Schmidt DN, Schroeder DC, Blackford JC, Tyrrell T & Pinnegar JK (2013) Impacts of ocean acidification. MCCIP Science Review 2013; 34-48.

Yool A, Popova EE, Coward AC, Bernie D & Andersen T (2013) Climate change and ocean acidification impacts on lower trophic levels and the export of organic carbon to the deep ocean. Biogeosciences, 210, 5831-5854; doi: 10.5194/bg-10-5831-2013

Young JN, Bruggeman J, Rickaby REM, Erez J & Conte M (2013), Evidence for changes in carbon isotopic fractionation by phytoplankton between 1960 and 2010. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 27, 505–515, doi: 10.1002/gbc.20045.

Zickfeld K and 35 others [incl. Ridgwell A] (2013) Long-term climate change commitment and reversibility: an EMIC intercomparison.  J. Clim., 26, 5782-5809; doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00584.1


Artioli Y, Blackford JC, Butenschön M, Holt JT, Wakelin SL, Thomas H, Borges AV & Allen I (2012) The carbonate system in the North Sea: Sensitivity and model validation, J. Mar. Syst., 102, 1-13.

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Bakker DCE, Pfeil B, Olsen A, Sabine CL, Metzl C, Hankin S, Koyuk H, Kozyr A, Malcczyk J, Manke A & Telszewski M (2012) Global data products help assess changes to ocean carbon sink. Eos: Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 93, 12; doi: 10.1029/2012EO120001

Barker S & Ridgwell A (2012) Ocean acidification. Nature Education Knowledge, 3, 21.
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Bednaršek N, Tarling GA, Bakker DCE, Fielding S, Jones EM, Venables HJ, Ward P, Kuzirian A, Lézé B, Feely RA & Murphy EJ (2012) Extensive dissolution of live pteropods in the Southern Ocean. Nature Geoscience, doi: 10.1038/ngeo1635

Bednaršek N, Tarling GA, Fielding S, & Bakker DCE (2012) Population dynamics and biogeochemical significance of Limacina helicina antarctica in the Scotia Sea (Southern Ocean).  Deep-Sea Res Part II, Topical Studies in Oceanography 59, 105-116

Burdett HL, Aloisio E, Calosi P, Findlay HS, Widdicombe S, Hatton A & Kamenos NA (2012) The effect of chronic and acute low pH on the intracellular DMSP production and epithelial cell morphology of red coralline algae.  Mar. Biol. Res. 8, 756-763; doi: 10.1080/17451000.2012.676189

Burdett HL, Hennige SJ, Francis FTY & Kamenos NA (2012) The photosynthetic characteristics of red coralline algae, determined using pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) fluorometry. Botanica Marina, 55, 499-509; doi: 10.1515/bot-2012-0135

*Convention on Biological Diversity (2012) Report of the expert meeting to develop a series of joint expert review processes to monitor and assess impacts of ocean acidification on marine and coastal diversity. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/16/INF/14, CBD Montreal  [Report authors include S Widdicombe & JM Roberts]

Flynn KJ, Blackford JC, Baird JC, Raven JA, Clark DR, Beardall J, Brownlee C, Fabian H & Wheeler GL (2012) Changes in the pH at the exterior surface of plankton with ocean acidification. Nature Climate Change, 2, 510-513; doi: 10.1038/nclimate1489

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Gibbs SJ, Bown PR, Murphy BH, Sluijs A, Edgar KM, Pälike H, Bolton CT & Zachos JC (2012) Scaled biotic disruption during early Eocene global warming events. Biogeosciences, 9, 4679-4688, doi: 10.5194/bg-9-4679-2012

Handley L, O’Halloran A, Pearson PN, Hawkins E, Nicholas CJ, Schouten S, McMillan I & Pancost RD (2012) Changes in the hydrological cycle in tropical East Africa during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 329-330: 10-21.

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Hönisch B, Ridgwell A, Schmidt DN, Thomas E, Gibbs SJ, Sluijs A, Zeebe R, Kump L,  Martindale RC, Greene SE, Kiessling W, Ries J, Zachos JC, Royer DL, Barker S, Marchitto TM,  Moyer R, Pelejero C, Ziveri P, Foster GL & Williams B (2012) The geological record of ocean acidification. Science 335, 1058 -1063; doi: 10.1126/science.1208277

*Hopkins F & Papathanasopoulou E (2012) Ocean acidification and shellfish. The Grower (Newsletter of Scottish Shellfish Growers), October 212, 14-15

Johnson VR, Russell BD, Fabricius KE, Brownlee C & Hall-Spencer JM (2012) Temperate and tropical brown macroalgae thrive, despite decalcification, along natural CO2 gradients.  Global Change Biology, 18, 2792-2803; doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02716.x

Kerrison P, Suggett DJ, Hepburn LJ & Steincke M (2012) Effect of elevated pCO2 on the production of dimethylsulphonioproprionate (DMSP) and dimethylsulphide (DMS) in two species of Ulva (Chlorophyceae). Biogeochem. 110, 5-16

Kitidis V, Hardman-Mountford NJ, Litt E, Brown I, Cummings D, Hartman S, Hydes DJ, Fishwick JR, Harris C, Martinez-Vicente V, Woodward EMS & Smyth TJ (2012) Seasonal dynamics of the carbonate system in the Western English Channel.  Cont. Shelf Res., 42, 30-40; doi: 10.1016/j.csr.2012.04.012

*Laffoley D d’A & Baxter JM (eds) (2012) Ocean Acidification: The Knowledge Base 2012. Updating what we know about ocean acidification and key global challenges. EPOCA, UKOA, BIOACID and MedSeA; 8pp,  [Also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Portuguese and Spanish].

*Leakey RJG (2012) Effect of Ocean Acidification on Arctic Surface Ocean Biology, Biogeochemistry and Climate. RRS James Clark Ross Cruise Report, 1 June – 2 July 2012 (JR271). 310 pp.

Lidbury I, Johnson V, Hall-Spencer JM, Munn CB & Cunliffe M (2012) Community-level response of coastal microbial biofilms to ocean acidification in a natural carbon dioxide vent ecosystem. Mar. Poll. Bull., 64, 1063-1066; doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.02.011

Pisapia C, Hennige SJ, Haapkyla J, Matteucci R & Smith DJ (2012) Morphological changes in polyp structure of massive coral species in clear and turbid waters.  Bull. Mar. Sci., 88, 183-191; doi: 10.5343/bms.2010.10.86

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Rérolle VMC, Floquet CFA, Mowlem MC, Connelly DP, Achterberg EP, Bellerby RRGJ (2012) Seawater-pH measurements for ocean acidification observations. Trends in Analytical Chemistry (TrAC) 40, 146-157

Smith HEK, Tyrrell T, Charalampopoulou A, Dumousseaud C, Legge OJ, Birchenough S, Pettit LR, Garley R, Hartman SE, Hartman MC, Sagoo N, Daniels CJ, Achterberg EP & Hydes DJ (2012) Predominance of heavily calcified coccolithophores at low CaCO3 saturation during winter in the Bay of Biscay. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 109, 8845-8849; doi: 10.1073/pnas.1117508109

Suggett D, Hall-Spencer J, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Boatman T, Pettay T, Johnson V, Warner M & Lawson T (2012) Sea anemones may thrive in a high CO2 world. Global Change Biology , 18, 3015-3025

Turley C & Gattuso J-P (2012) Future biological and ecosystem impacts of ocean acidification and their socioeconomic-policy implications. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4, 1-9

Wakelin SL, Holt JT, Blackford JC, Allen JI, Butenschön M & Artioli Y (2012) Modeling the carbon fluxes of the northwest European continental shelf: Validation and budgets.  J. Geophys. Res. 117, C05020, doi: 10.1029/2011JC007402

Wicks LC & Roberts JM (2012) Benthic invertebrates in a high CO2 world.  Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 50, 127-188

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Williamson P & Turley CM (2012) Ocean acidification in a geoengineering context. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 370, 4317- 4342; doi: 10.1098/rsta.2012.0167

Williamson P, Watson R, Mace G,, Artaxo P,  Bodle R, Galaz V, Parker A, Santillo D, Vivian C, Cooper D, Webbe J, Cung A & Woods E (2012). Impacts of Climate Related Geoengineering on Biological Diversity. Part 1 (p 5-98) in Geoengineering in Relation to the Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD Technical Series 66, CBD Secretariat, Montreal

Wilson JD, Barker S & Ridgwell A (2012) Assessment of the spatial variability in particulate organic matter and mineral sinking fluxes in the ocean interior: implications for the ballast hypothesis. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 26, art. GB4011; doi: 10.1029/2012GB004398



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Barry JP, Widdicombe S & Hall-Spencer JM (2011) Effects of ocean acidification on marine biodiversity and ecosystem function. In Ocean Acidification (eds. Gattuso J-P & Hansson L.), Chapter 10, p 192-209. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

*Boot K. (2011) Ocean acidification and life on the sea floor.  Planet Earth, Autumn 2011; p 12-13

*Brewer P & Turley C (2011) Breakout Group II-3: Scaling up to humans: the socioeconomics of ocean acidification. In: Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Workshop on Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biology and Ecosystems (eds Field CB. Barros V, Stocker TF et al). IPCC WG II Technical Support Unit, Carnegie Institution, Stanford, California, pp. 164.

Brading P, Warner ME, Davey P, Smith DJ, Achterberg EP & Suggett DJ (2011) Differential effects of ocean acidification on growth and photosynthesis among phylotypes of Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae). Limnol. Oceanogr., 56, 927-938; doi: 10.4319/lo.2011.56.3.0927

Findlay HS, Calosi P & Crawfurd K (2011). Determinants of the PIC : POC response in the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi under future ocean acidification scenarios. Limnol. Oceanogr., 56, 1168-1178; doi: 10.4319/lo.2011.56.3.1168

Gattuso J-P, Bijma J, Gehlen M, Riebesell U & Turley C (2011). Ocean acidification: knowns, unknowns and perspectives. In: Ocean Acidification (eds. Gattuso J-P & Hansson L), Chapter 15, pp. 291-312. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hale R, Calosi P, McNeill L, Mieszkowska N & Widdicombe S (2011) Predicted levels of future ocean acidification and temperature rise could alter community structure and biodiversity in marine benthic communities. Oikos, 120, 661-674; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.19469.x

Hicks N, Bulling M, Solan M, Raffaelli D, White P & Paterson DM (2011) Impact of biodiversity-climate futures on primary production and metabolism in a model benthic estuarine system. BMC Ecology 11, 7; doi: 10.1186/1472-6785-11-7

Hopkins F, Nightingale P & Liss P (2011) Effects of ocean acidification on the marine source of atmospherically active trace gases. . In Ocean Acidification (eds. Gattuso J-P & Hansson L.), Chapter 11, p 210-229. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Hydes DJ & Hartman SE (2011) Seasonal and inter-annual variability in alkalinity in Liverpool Bay (53.5° N, 3.5° W) and in major river inputs to the North Sea. Ocean Dynamics 62, 321-333

Kitidis V, Laverok B, McNeill LC, Beesley A, Cummings D, Tait K, Osborn MA & Widdicombe S (2011) Impact of ocean acidification on benthic and water column ammonia oxidation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, art L21603; doi: 10.1029/2011GL049095

*Laffoley D d’A & Baxter JM (eds) (2011) Ocean Acidification: Acting on Evidence. Messages for Rio+20. EPOCA, UKOA, BIOACID and MedSeA; 8pp,

Melatunan S, Calosi P, Rundle SD, Moody AJ & Widdicombe S (2011) Exposure to elevated temperature and pCO2 reduces respiration rate and energy status in the periwinkle Littorina littorea.  Physiol. Biochem. Zoology, 84, 583-594; doi: 20.1086/662680

Pistevos JCA, Calosi P, Widdicombe S, Bishop JDD (2011) Will variation among genetic individuals influence species responses to global climate change? Oikos 120, 5, 675-689

Plymouth Marine Laboratory (2011) Ocean Acidification: Connecting Science, Industry, Policy and Public (video).

Ridgwell A (2011) Evolution of the ocean’s “biological pump”. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 108, 16485-16486

Ridgwell A, Rodengen TJ & Kohfeld KE (2011) Geographical variations in the effectiveness and side effects of deep ocean carbon sequestration.  Geophys. Res. Lett. 38, L17610; doi: 10.1029/2011GL048423

Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Houlbrèque F, Tambutté E, Boisson F, Baggini C, Patti FP, Jeffree R, Fine M, Foggo A, Gattuso J-P & Hall-Spencer JM (2011) Coral and mollusc resistance to ocean acidification adversely affected by warming. Nature Climate Change 1, 308–312; doi: 10.1038/nclimate1200

Santos IR, Glud RN, Maher D, Erler D & Eyre BD (2011) Diel coral reef acidification driven by porewater advection in permeable carbonate sands, Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, art L03604; doi: 10.1029/2010GL046053

*Suggett D (2011) Differential impacts of ocean acidification amongst genotypes of key microalgae.  SOLAS News, 12, 8-9.

*Turley C (2011) Ocean acidification. A national strategy to meet the challenges of a changing ocean. [Book review]. Fish & Fisheries, 12, 352-354.

Turley C & Boot K (2011) The ocean acidification challenges facing science and society.  In Ocean Acidification (eds. Gattuso J-P & Hansson L), Chapter 13, p 249-271. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

*Turley C, Keizer T, Williamson P, Gattuso J-P, Ziveri P, Munroe R, Boot K & Huelsenbeck M. (2011) Hot, Sour and Breathless – Ocean under Stress. PML, UKOA, EPOCA, MedSeA, Scripps & OCEANA; 6pp,  Also available in Arabic and Spanish.

Turley C, Gattuso J-P & Hoegh-Gulberg O (2011) Ocean acidification: examples of potential impacts.  In Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisions (eds Richardson K, Steffen W, Liverman D et al.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 37-39

Watson AJ, Metzl N & Schuster U (2011) Monitoring and interpreting the ocean uptake of atmospheric CO2. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A, 369, 1997-2008; doi: 10.1098/rsta.2011.0060

Whiteley NM (2011) Physiological and ecological responses of crustaceans to ocean acidification. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 430, 257-271

Widdicombe S, Spicer JI & Kitidis V (2011) Effects of ocean acidification on sediment fauna. In Ocean Acidification (eds. Gattuso J-P & Hansson L), Chapter 9, p 176-191. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

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Winn J, Tierney M, Heathwaite L, Jones L, Patterson J, Simpson L, Thompson A & Turley C (2011). The drivers of change in UK ecosystems and ecosystem services. In: The UK National Ecosystem Assessment Technical Report. UK National Ecosystem Assessment. Chapter 3, pp.34 UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.

Zeebe RE & Ridgwell A (2011) Past changes in ocean carbonate chemistry. In Ocean Acidification (eds. Gattuso J-P & Hansson L), Chapter 2, p 21-40. Oxford University Press, Oxford.


Dumousseaud C, Achterberg EP, Tyrrell T, Charalampopoulou A, Schuster U, Hartman M & Hydes DJ (2010) Contrasting effects of temperature and winter mixing on the seasonal and inter-annual variability of the carbonate system in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean.  Biogeosciences, 7, 1481-1492

*Dumousseaud C, Achterberg E & Tyrrell T (2010) Practical guide for the UK Ocean Acidification Research Programme (UKOARP Carbonate Chemistry Facility).  11 pp;

Feely RA, V J Fabry VJ, Dickson AG, Gattuso J-P, Bijma J, Riebesell U, Doney S, Turley C, Saino T,  Lee K, Anthony K & Kleypas J (2010)  An international observational network for ocean acidification.  Plenary paper; Proceedings of Ocean Obs 09, Venice 21-25 September 2009.

Iglesias-Rodriguez MD, Anthony KRN, Bijma J, Dickson AG, Doney SC, Fabry VJ, Feely RA, Gattuso J-P, Lee K, Riebesell U, Saino T &  Turley C (2010) Towards and integrated global ocean acidification network.  Community Paper; Proceedings of Ocean Obs 09, Venice 21-25 Sept 2009.

*Kleypas,J, Feely R, Gattuso J-P & Turley C (2010) Frequently asked questions about ocean acidification. OCB, EPOCA and UKOA research programme;

*Ocean Acidification Reference User Group (2010) Ocean Acidification: Questions Answered (Eds D d’A Laffoley & JM Baxter). EPOCA, 24pp; Also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, German and Spanish.

 Popova EE,  Yool A, Coward AC, Aksenov YK, Alderson SG, de Cuevas BA & Anderson TR (2010) Control of primary production in the Arctic by nutrients and light: insights from a high resolution ocean  general circulation model. Biogeosciences; 7, 3569-3591

Turley C, Blackford J, Hardman-Mountford N, Litt E, Llewellyn C, Lowe D, Miller P, Nightingale P, Rees A, Smyth T, Tilstone G & Widdicombe S (2010) Carbon uptake, transport and storage by oceans and the consequence of change in Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS).  Issues in Environmental Science & Technology (IEST); 29, 240-284. 

*Turley C & Boot K (2010) Environmental consequence of ocean acidification: a threat to food security. UNEP Emerging Issues Bulletin, 9 pp.

Turley C, Brownlee C, Findlay HS, Mangi S, Ridgwell A, Schmidt DN & Schroeder DC (2010) Ocean acidification.  In: MCCIP Annual Report Card 2010-11, MCCIP Science Review, 27pp.

Turley C, Eby M, Ridgwell AJ, Schmidt DN, Findlay HS, Brownlee C, Riebesell U, Gattuso J P, Fabry VJ & Feely RA (2010) The societal challenge of ocean acidification. Mar. Poll. Bull.  60, 787-792.